Topics include the Incarnation, Death, and Resurrection, Ultimate goal of salvation is perfect union with Christ

Teacher Training and Resources

Reference Materials

A reference is a referral to another's text or information and can refer to written sources (books, reports, articles), videos, Internet sites, images, etc. It can also refer to personal communication in the form of letters, e-mails or interviews. A reference is synonymous with a literary citation or citing a source.

The following materials are offered as sources for information and ideas but please remember to properly give credit if material is used in your writing! If you forget to use references, or your references are incomplete, your work can seem like an empty postulation or create suspicions of plagiarism.


  1. Original Sin, by Fr. Tenny Thomas (Northeast American Diocese of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church)
  2. "Theosis: Partaking of the Divine Nature", Mark Shuttleworth (Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America)
  3. Salvation is Healing, Fr. Geoff Harvey (The Good Shepherd Orthodox Church)
  4. Spirituality in the Orthodox Church, by Fr. Dr. Babu K. Mathew
  5. Phases of Orthodox Spirituality, by Fr. Dr. Babu K. Mathew


  1. Are you saved?, Bishop Kallistos Ware
  2. Are you saved? - an Orthodox Christian answer, Molly Sabourin
  3. Creation and Fall, Be the Bee (Episode 66), Y2AM
  4. Heaven and Hell, Be the Bee (Episode 67), Y2AM
  5. Salvation in Christ, Be the Bee (Episode 68), Y2AM
  6. Saved by Faith Alone?, Be the Bee (Episode 129), Y2AM
  7. What is the Orthodox Perspective on Original Sin?, Fr. Panayiotis, Ph.D (Trisagion Films)
  8. The Word "Atonement", Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon


  1. Redemption in Christ, Fr. Thomas Hopko (Speaking the Truth in Love, AFR)
  2. How Does the Orthodox Church Understand the Sacrifice of Christ?, Presvytera and Dr. Jeannie Constantinou (Search the Scriptures, AFR)

Other Resources

  1. Orthodox Resource Guide, Fr. Abey George (pages 130-142)
  2. Ancestral Sin, Orthodox Study Bible Study Article (pg. 7)


In order to help our children grow in the Orthodox Faith in North America, a decision was made to standardize all materials to the Orthodox Study Bible (DSWA Kalpana DSWA/C/016/2010, October 28, 2010). Please continue to pray and support the development of a fully approved translation based on the Peshitta, and our textbooks will educate on the various translations and historic development of Scripture.

  • [John 3:16-17]

    For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.

Liturgical Resources

The Ministry of Liturgical Resource Development (LRD) was created in July of 2015 (DSWA Kalpana DSWA/C/10/2015, July 24,2015) to promote the translation, versification, and publication of vital English liturgical resources. Today most of our Sacramental offices are available and the "Service Book of the Holy Qurbono" and "Shehimo: Book of Common Prayer" are available in print. Wherever possible references will be made using LRD resources given the easy access to these materials to the faithful in North America.

Holy Qurbono

  • Nicene Creed
Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven

  • Ma'nitho of Mor Severus (Service Book of the Holy Qurbono, pg. 158)
He trampled death by His death
And destroyed our death

Other Hymns

Other Prayers

Promion and Sedro


Patristic Quotes

  • [St Ephrem, regarding the Fall of Man] “had the serpent been rejected, along with the sin, they would have eaten of the Tree of Life, and the Tree of Knowledge would not have been withheld from them any longer; from the one they would have acquired infallible knowledge, and from the other they would have received immortal life. They would have acquired divinity in humanity; and had they thus acquired infallible knowledge and immortal life, they would have done so in this body”
  • [St Basil, regarding the Fall of Man] “To the extent that man stood apart from life, in like amount he also drew closer to death. For life is God, and the deprivation of life is death. Thus, Adam prepared death for himself through his withdrawal from God, as it is written, ‘Those who separate from You are lost’. Therefore, God did not create death, but we brought it upon ourselves by our wicked purpose. Neither did He prevent the dissolution (i.e., the Fall) for the reasons already stated: so that the illness would not be preserved immortal in us.”
  • [St. Irenaeus] "The Lord has redeemed us through His own blood, giving His souls for our souls and His flesh for our flesh, and has poured out the Spirit of the Father for the union and communion of God and humankind, imparting God to humanity by means of the Spirit."
  • [St. Gregory the Theologian] "What has not been assumed has not been healed; it is what is united to his divinity that is saved.”
  • [St. Ignatius] "Both the Virginity of Mary and her giving birth escaped the notice of the prince of this age, as did the Lord’s death — three mysteries of a cry, wrought in the stillness of God. How then was he made manifest to the ages? A star shone forth in heaven brighter than all the stars, and its light was ineffable and its novelty produced astonishment; all the other stars, with sun and moon, gathered in chorus about this star, and it outshone them all [cf. Wisd. 7:29,30; 18:14,15]. There was perplexity as to the origin of this novelty, so unlike the others. Thus all magic was dissolved and every bond of wickedness [cf. Isa. 58:6] vanished; ignorance was abolished and the old kingdom was destroyed, since God was becoming manifest in human form for the newness of eternal life [cf. Rom. 6:4]; what had been prepared by God [cf. 1 Cor. 2:9] had its beginning. Hence everything was shaken together, for the abolition of death was being planned."
  • [St. John Chrysostom] "Even if we have thousands of acts of great virtue to our credit, our confidence in being heard must be based on God's mercy and His love for men. Even if we stand at the very summit of virtue, it is by mercy that we shall be saved."
  • [St. John Chrysostom] "For this He assumed my body, that I may become capable of His Word; taking my flesh, He gives me His spirit; and so He bestowing and I receiving, He prepares for me the treasure of Life. He takes my flesh, to sanctify me; He gives me His Spirit that He may save me."
  • [St. Isaac the Syrian] "Never say that God is just. If He were just you would be in hell. Rely only on His injustice which is mercy, love, and forgiveness."
  • [St. Silouan the Athonite] "Understand two thoughts, and fear them. One says, "You are a saint," the other, "You won't be saved." Both of these thoughts are from the enemy, and there is no truth in them. But think this way: I am a great sinner, but the Lord is merciful. He loves people very much, and He will forgive my sins."
  • [St. Isaac the Syrian] "God the Lord surrendered his own Son to death on the cross for the fervent love of creation… Yet this was not because he could not redeem us in another way, but so that his surpassing love, manifested hereby, might be a teacher unto us. And by the death of his Only-begotten Son he made us near to himself. Yea, if he had had anything more precious, he would have given it to us, so that by it our race might be his own.”

Other Quotes

  • [Fr. Alexander Schmemann] "The only real fall of man is his non-eucharistic life in a non-eucharistic world."
  • [CS Lewis] "Why then did God give them free will? Because free will, though it makes evil possible, is also the only thing that makes possible any love or goodness or joy worth having."
  • [Fr. Arnold Bernstein] "The goal of the Christian is not to “get to heaven” as to a locale, but rather to grow into deepening communion with God by acquiring the Holy Spirit, beginning in this life and continuing forever. Similarly, the Church does not see herself as sending people to heaven or hell, any more than God sends people there. Rather, the Church is the hospital for sinners, preparing people for the experience that all will have being in the presence of God. The only real question is what effect seeing God will have on us."

Syriac and Greek Words

  • ἀποκάλυψις 'apokalupsis' (Greek) meaning 'revelation'


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