Jesus Christ

The Second Person of the Holy Trinity, God who is the One Lord, the Word, the Messiah, and the Savior who is fully human and fully God.

Teacher Training and Resources

Reference Materials

A reference is a referral to another's text or information and can refer to written sources (books, reports, articles), videos, Internet sites, images, etc. It can also refer to personal communication in the form of letters, e-mails or interviews. A reference is synonymous with a literary citation or citing a source.

The following materials are offered as sources for information and ideas but please remember to properly give credit if material is used in your writing! If you forget to use references, or your references are incomplete, your work can seem like an empty postulation or create suspicions of plagiarism.


  1. Christology (MOSC)
  2. Severus of Antioch’s Objection To The Council Of Chalcedon: A Re-Assessment, Fr. Tenny Thomas
  3. Is there evidence for Jesus outside the Bible?, Uhro (The Way)


  1. The Ladder: Episode 12 Jesus Christ, The Chief Cornerstone, Fr. Shawn Thomas (Northeast American Diocese)
  2. How Jesus Sees Us?, Presbytera Frederica Mathewes-Green (Beliefnet)
  3. If He was not God..., Quotes from St. Ephraim the Syrian


Other Resources

  1. Orthodox Resource Guide, Fr. Abey George (pages 37-48)


In order to help our children grow in the Orthodox Faith in North America, a decision was made to standardize all materials to the Orthodox Study Bible (DSWA Kalpana DSWA/C/016/2010, October 28, 2010). Please continue to pray and support the development of a fully approved translation based on the Peshitta, and our textbooks will educate on the various translations and historic development of Scripture.

Biblical Stories

Liturgical Resources

The Ministry of Liturgical Resource Development (LRD) was created in July of 2015 (DSWA Kalpana DSWA/C/10/2015, July 24,2015) to promote the translation, versification, and publication of vital English liturgical resources. Today most of our Sacramental offices are available and the "Service Book of the Holy Qurbono" and "Shehimo: Book of Common Prayer" are available in print. Wherever possible references will be made using LRD resources given the easy access to these materials to the faithful in North America.

Holy Qurbono

  • Nicene Creed
And in the One Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds, Light of Light, True God of True God, begotten, not made, being of one essence with the Father, and by Whom all things were made; Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven;
And was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and of the Holy Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and became man;
And on the third day, He rose again, according to His will, and ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of the Father, and shall come again in His great glory to judge both the living and the dead, whose kingdom shall have no end;
  • Prayer done during the Fraction by St. Dionysius Bar Salibi
Thus truly the Word of God did suffer in flesh, and was sacrificed and broken on the Cross, and His soul separated from His Body, while His Godhead never separated neither from His Soul nor from His Body. And He was pieced in His side with a spear, and there flowed out of Him blood and water, the atonement of the whole world. And his Body was stained with them. And for the sin of the whole world, the Son died on the Cross, and His Soul came and united with His Body. And He turned us from the work of the left to that of the right. And by the Blood of His Person, He reconciled, united and combined the heavenly with the earthly, the people with the gentiles and the Soul with the Body. And on the third day, He rose from the tomb. One is Emmanuel, and cannot be divided into two natures after the indivisible unity. Thus we believe and thus we confess and thus we confirm that this Flesh is of this Blood and that this Blood is of this Flesh.

Other Hymns

Other Prayers

Promion and Sedro

  • Great Friday Lilyo Third Quamo - Promion
To that Exalted One, who came down for our salvation, while remaining above, and emptied Himself from His fullness without leaving (it), the simple one who became composite, while remaining in His spiritual nature and continued (in it), the Judge of judges, who was judged and acquitted our guilt, and repaid our debts by His torments, and caused suffering to the sufferings of our nature by His passion, and bore in our curse by His crown, and drove away our death by His (own) death, was crucified and died in the body and put our death to death by His death, to Him befits all glory, honor, and worship .."
  • Great Friday Lilyo Fourth Quamo - Promion
To that Good Shepherd who gave Himself for slaughter and saved His sheepfold from the devouring wolves, the Gracious One who endured sufferings from the impure and taught praises to His worshippers, the Free One who subjected Himself to the human limitation (surqo: emptying) and received insults and death and saved the world. To him befits all glory, honor, and worship .. "
  • Great Friday Lilyo Fourth Quamo - Sedro
Christ our God, the Only Begotten from the Father, the Word (existing) before the worlds, the Creator of all, Light from the Light, God from God, Wisdom, Word, Life and icon of the invisible Father; the invisible one was seen in the flesh, the incomprehensible was perceived in the body, the ineffable one voluntarily confined Himself to perceptibility, the incomprehensible One was pleased to be humble, and came down in order to exalt us, the wretched and the poor. The immortal One inclined Himself towards the mortals, in order to liberate them from death and sin. The Lord came to His own people, and they did not receive Him, but rejected Him and crucified Him outside the vineyard. He is hung on the cross and they are burning with wrath. He is in suffering and they are inflamed by wrath. He is nailed and jealousy burns in them. His side is pierced with spear, and life is promised to the mortals. The angels are stupefied, and the children of Adam are redeemed. The demons are terrified and the demoniacs prostrate. The righteous one was numbered among the the wicked. The upright was counted with evil doers. God is with the robber, and Life Giver is with the murderers. Witness speaks falsehood and deceit. They ask Him, what they do not know. One bears witness, saying: “He said: I shall destroy the temple'. And another (said) that he violated Sabbath and the Law, and He says about Himself that He is the Son of God. One slaps on His cheek, and another spits on His face. One kisses (him) and betrays. Another says that He does not know Him. Some of them bring Him down to beat Him. Some others strike Him on the back. Some of them kneel down and worship Him. Others called Him king of the Jews. One strips Him off the festal garments and another one, clothed Him with those of mocking. One places a crown of thorn on (His head) instead of a diadem. Another gives Him a rod, instead of a sceptor of kingship. One struck on His head, and another mixed vinegar and gall with anger. One stretched Him on the wood, and another fastened His hands with nails. One says: “If You are the Son of God, save yourself'. Another beseeched: “Remember me, when You come in Your kingdom!’ One said: 'Come down from the cross, and we will believe in You’. Another confesses that He was truly the Son of God. The soldiers mocked at Him, and the Jews blasphemed. The high priests shook their heads at Him. Caiaphas and Hannah gave advice; voices from every side cried out, 'Crucify Him! Crucify Him, O judge!'
O inexplicable wonder! O exalted explanation (?hushoqo)! God is crucified! Sun becomes dark! The veil of the temple is torn! Blood and water flow from the side! Rocks burst open! Earth quakes! The dead are risen! Judas receives money! Caiaphas gives advice! Hannah accuses! Pilate sits and our Lord stands!
Therefore let us glorify Him, who has been known through all these wonders, for He is the Lord of glory. Let us bow down (before) Him who was suspended on the tree and became a curse for our sake. Let us be familiary with Him who has established all the borders and quarters of the earth. Let us draw near to Him who was crucified and let us put trust in Him, that our faces shall not be ashamed, but illuminated. Let us worship the footstool of the Exalted One, who humbled Himself for us. Let us beseech His graciousness to save us without delay from all our enemies and hard afflictions that surround us. As we commemorate His voluntary sufferings which He had suffered for us, let us cry out and say from the bottom of our mind: Lord (You) who have been crucified for us, have mercy upon us! Holy, Holy, Holy art Thou, O Lord, who have been crucified for us and have redeemed us. Give heed to us and answer our requests! Give joy to us from our sorrows. Raise us at Your right hand, when You manifest with the victorious sign of the Cross, and You adorn those who have honored You gloriously, with the great joy of Your kingdom. There with the multitude of Your saints, we will offer up glory and thanksgiving to You and to Your Father and to Your Holy Spirit ....


Patristic Quotes

  • [St. Severus of Antioch] "It is not confessing the particularity of the natures from which Emmanuel comes that we avoid, so long as we maintain the unity without confusion (the particularity is that which is expressed in natural characteristics), but distributing and dividing the properties to each of the natures."
  • [St. Basil] "God is in flesh. He is not active in intervals as he was amongst the prophets. Instead he possesses a humanity co-natural and united to himself and restores all humanity to himself through flesh the same as ours in kind."
  • [St. Dioscoros of Alexandria] "Hold to the Confession, therefore, of the fathers and do not listen to the soul destroying words of Heretics, nor hold intercourse with those who divide into Two Him Who is One; for, One is our Redeemer, as I said, although out of compassion for us He became Man."
  • [St. Severus of Antioch] "Christ is one out of two, consubstantial with the Father in respect of the divinity and the same consubstantial with us in respect of the humanity; and for this reason he is not divided into a duality of natures. For He Who is God from everlasting at the end of days became man, without changing what He was in what He became, and without having altered what He became into the essence of Divinity."
  • [St. John Chrysostom] "Why was (Jesus) called the Way? To teach you that we ascend to the Father by Him."

Other Quotes

  • [Bishop Kallistos Ware] "I believe in a God who loves humankind so intensely, so totally, that he chose himself to become human. Therefore, I believe in Jesus Christ as fully and truly God, but also totally and unreservedly one of us, fully human.”

Lives of the Saints

Syriac and Greek Words


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Christ Pantocrator Sinai.jpeg