Holy Confession

Meaning of Holy Confession and the necessity of confessing our sins (Confession of sins as the means for healing from sins). The role of a Spiritual/Confession Father and the relationship between confession and repentance; Feelings of shame and guilt should not prevent anyone from confessing.

Teacher Training and Resources

Reference Materials

A reference is a referral to another's text or information and can refer to written sources (books, reports, articles), videos, Internet sites, images, etc. It can also refer to personal communication in the form of letters, e-mails or interviews. A reference is synonymous with a literary citation or citing a source.

The following materials are offered as sources for information and ideas but please remember to properly give credit if material is used in your writing! If you forget to use references, or your references are incomplete, your work can seem like an empty postulation or create suspicions of plagiarism.


  1. "Confession: the Healing Sacrament", Jim Forest (Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America)
  2. "Forgiveness and Reconciliation: How to Forgive Others and Receive Forgiveness", Hieromonk Jonah (Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America)



Other Resources

  1. Orthodox Resource Guide, Fr. Abey George (pages 91-100)
  2. If We Confess Our Sins: An Orthodox Explanation of the Mystery of Confession, Fr John Vesic (Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia & New Zealand)


In order to help our children grow in the Orthodox Faith in North America, a decision was made to standardize all materials to the Orthodox Study Bible (DSWA Kalpana DSWA/C/016/2010, October 28, 2010). Please continue to pray and support the development of a fully approved translation based on the Peshitta, and our textbooks will educate on the various translations and historic development of Scripture.

  • [Scripture]


Liturgical Resources

The Ministry of Liturgical Resource Development (LRD) was created in July of 2015 (DSWA Kalpana DSWA/C/10/2015, July 24,2015) to promote the translation, versification, and publication of vital English liturgical resources. Today most of our Sacramental offices are available and the "Service Book of the Holy Qurbono" and "Shehimo: Book of Common Prayer" are available in print. Wherever possible references will be made using LRD resources given the easy access to these materials to the faithful in North America.

Holy Qurbono

Other Hymns

Other Prayers

Promion and Sedro


Patristic Quotes

  • [St. Isaac The Syrian] "Just as a strongly flowing fountain is not blocked up by a handful of earth, so the compassion of the Creator is not overcome by the wickedness of his creatures."
  • [St. Isaac The Syrian] "As a handful of sand thrown into the ocean, so are the sins of all flesh as compared with the mind of God."
  • [St. John Climacus] "Fire and water do not mix, neither can you mix judgment of others with the desire to repent. If a man commits a sin before you at the very moment of his death, pass no judgment, because the judgment of God is hidden from men. It has happened that men have sinned greatly in the open but have done greater deeds in secret, so that those who would disparage them have been fooled, with smoke instead of sunlight in their eyes."
  • [St. John Chrysostom] “Since it is likely that, being men, they would sin every day, St. Paul consoles his hearers by saying ‘renew yourselves’ from day to day. This is what we do with houses: we keep constantly repairing them as they wear old. You should do the same thing to yourself. Have you sinned today? Have you made your soul old? Do not despair, do not despond, but renew your soul by repentance, and tears, and Confession, and by doing good things. And never cease doing this.”
  • [St. John Chrysostom] “Sin is followed by shame. Repentance is followed by boldness.”
  • [St. Severus of Antioch] "How then, o man, shall you say to God with confidence, 'forgive me', when you have shown to your kindred and to your brother the harshness of stony compassion?"
  • [St. John Chrysostom] "The beginning of the way to repentance is the condemnation of sins."
  • [St. John Chrysostom] "Only the priest, not even the angels, has been given by God the right to forgive sins in confession. And God has allowed the priest to be also the sinful man ... for the sinful priest will best understand the sinful man."

Other Quotes

  • [Unknown] “A priest told me about the prayers before communion, feelings of despair and unworthiness...about lies such as you are being tempted with now... He made a great distinction: Unworthy, not worthless.”

Syriac and Greek Words


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